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healthy vs not healthy sinus

What Is Acute Sinusitis Surgery?

Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the mucous membranes inside the nose and facial sinuses (as depicted in the adjacent graphic). Inflammation of these mucous membranes can result in swelling and blockage, which can, in turn, lead to reduced drainage of the nasal passages and painful pressure. Sinuses that are unable to drain properly become a breeding ground for bacteria. Symptoms of sinusitis include severe nasal congestion, yellow or green discharge, fever, and a reduced sense of taste and smell.

Normally, sinusitis improves on its own with only conservative treatment like fluids, decongestants, and vitamin C. When symptoms persist for more than 7 days or symptoms increase in severity, a visit to the doctor is recommended in order to determine the nature of the infection and the possible need for treatment. Blockage of the sinuses might be caused by anything from foreign objects (as is often the case with children) to naturally small sinus passageways, to have had many sinus infections that cause thickening of the sinus cavities and channels. Knowing that there is actually a sinus infection is also important. The differential diagnosis for having just some of the symptoms includes allergies, migraines, and nasal polyps. Both acute and chronic sinus infections should be documented by endoscopic sinus examination.


Preparation For Acute Sinus Surgery

You will meet with the doctor where he usually spends an hour going over everything related to your surgery. He will evaluate and make sure that he can specifically tailor a custom care plan to your exact needs. During the consultation, the doctor will determine the exact nature of your complaints and the exact causes. He may prescribe medications that will assist in your complaints. Once a tailored plan is made, our staff will take you through all the necessary information needed to make sure that your surgery happens without issue. We take care of the details so that you can have the most enjoyable experience.

Dr. Mourad views treating his patients to be nothing short of a privilege and an honor and enjoys taking the time to get to know his patients and fully understand their issues. Our office provides a boutique experience that takes you out of the mindset of being at the doctor’s office. It is a warm, comfortable environment, providing a bespoke experience.


Acute Sinusitis Surgery

In the presence of complications or the failure of appropriate medical management, acute sinusitis surgery may be recommended by the doctor. The goal of acute sinusitis surgery is to improve drainage of the sinuses by removing the sinus blockages and thereby allowing normal nasal mucosa function to return. This could mean removing:

  • Swollen or damaged tissue
  • Infected tissue
  • Bone (in order to create a wider opening for drainage)
  • Growths like nasal polyps
  • Foreign objects

The two major types of acute sinusitis surgery are endoscopic surgery and traditional sinus surgery.

endoscopic acute sinusitis surgery

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Endoscopic sinus surgery is accomplished with an endoscope that is inserted into the nasal cavity through the nostrils. A CAT scan of the sinuses is used for a guide to show the areas of infection and abnormal anatomy. The endoscope allows a doctor to view the inside of the sinus and determine which sinuses are infected and the cause of the blockage. After a determination is made, the proper surgical instruments are inserted into the nasal cavity alongside the endoscope and used to remove swollen and infected tissue. Typically, a rotating burr or laser is used to remove small amounts of tissue and bone under anesthesia. The procedure generally takes anywhere from 60 to 180 minutes. This is known as a FESS, which is a Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery.

Traditional Sinusitis Surgery

Traditional sinus surgery differs from endoscopic surgery because a direct incision is made in the external skin so that the surgeon can operate on the infected sinus(es) directly. Traditional open sinus surgery is usually done when the surgeon believes that endoscopic surgery would provide insufficient access to the sinuses. This surgery is almost never performed today except for surgery of tumors.


Post Surgery Care

In both cases, bleeding and discomfort are universal symptoms post-surgery. Weekly visits to the surgeon may be required until crusting and blockage from the healing sinuses is removed. Recovery regimens may include:

  • Using saltwater nasal washes.
  • Avoiding activities that strain the nasal cavities, like blowing of the nose or exercising.
  • Using humidifiers at home.
  • Avoiding getting overheated or dusty environments.

Acute sinusitis surgery patients may be prescribed additional medications for pain management and antibiotics if there is an increased risk of infection.


Is Packing The Nose Still Required?

No. Dr. Mourad does not find any value in packing placement inside the nose for most patients. Historically, especially in the days before endoscopic surgery, surgeons would place several feet of gauze in each side of the nose. This is very painful during both recovery and removal. The packing does not necessarily decrease bleeding and can lead to additional scarring or infections inside the nose.

Meet Norelle Health

Moustafa Mourad, MD, FACS is double board-certified in Head and Neck Surgery and Facial Plastic Surgery and Reconstruction. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a Member of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. He treats many conditions,... Learn More »